Heat stroke usually occurs when a person's body is very hot for too long time, whether exercising, working or simply sitting in a hot environment. If internal temperature of body reaches more than 39°C , it is a potentially a very life-threatening condition.
If left untreated, damage to internal organs can occur. The longer it is left, the more serious heatstroke can become. In some cases, heatstroke can be fatal or deadly.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heatstroke caused 9734 deaths in India between 2004 and 2013. In America, between 1999 and 2010, an estimated 9,734 people died from Sun Stroke. In Pakistan in 2015, around 2,000 people died of the condition.
If someone becomes very hot and dehydrates and loses salt from the body, leading to fatigues and muscle cramps, it is known as heat exhaustion. If the body loses the ability to maintain the correct temperature and it becomes dangerously high, this is referred to as Heat Stroke or Sun Stroke.
The symptoms of heatstroke can include:
- High body temperature
- Mental changes
- Sweat changes
- Color change
Diagnosing heat strokeMedical professionals can usually diagnose Sun Stroke from a person's appearance.
It's medical tests might include:
- Blood test: to measure levels of gases, potassium and sodium in blood to check damage to CNS
- Urine test: If patient has darker urine then it is a sign that the patient has a heat-related condition
- Muscle test: to check damage to the muscle tissue
- X-rays: to check damage to the internal organs.